Chekhov's influence on the modern short story and the modern play was immense. Among his innovations were his economical husbanding of narrative resources, his concentration on character as mood rather than action, his impressionistic adoption of particular points of view, his dispensing with traditional plot, and, as Charles May declared in an essay collected in A Chekhov Companion, his use of atmosphere as "an ambiguous mixture of both external details and psychic projection." In all these regards Chekhov had an immediate and direct impact on such Western writers as James Joyce, Katherine Mansfield, and Sherwood Anderson; indirectly, most major authors of short stories in the twentieth century, including Katherine Anne Porter, Franz Kafka, Ernest Hemingway, Bernard Malamud, and Raymond Carver, are in his debt.
|Books with Chekhov's autographs from the Taganrog Memorial Chekhov Museum|
|The good doctor in 1899|
"Chekhov! Chekhov! Chekhov!"—Tennessee Williams, asked to name his favorite authors
"Reading Chekhov was just like the angels singing to me."—Eudora Welty
"Read Chekhov, read the stories straight through. Admit that you understand nothing of life, nothing of what you see. Then go out and look at the world."—Francine Prose, "Learning from Chekhov," from Reading Like a Writer
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