In 1733, William Chesleden published Osteographia, a grand folio edition depicting human and animal bones, featuring beautiful copperplate images, including playful skeletons, vignettes, and initials. He depicts all the bones of the human body separately in their actual life size "and again reduced in order to shew them united to one another." Cheselden and his engravers, Gerard van der Gucht and Mr. Shinevoet, employed a camera obscura to execute many of the images, and the practice is depicted in the title page vignette.Isn't the crocodile scene to die for? Here are a 1-year-old boy (brandishing a thigh bone for some reason) and the classic cat and dog combo.
Above: back view of a human skeleton and a deer skeleton. Below left: one of the initial capitals Chesleden used throughout the book.
La Medecine Pittoresque: Colored Medicine Plates; the classic Some Anatomies of Melancholy by Robert Burton, published in the early 1600s.